Many areas of the forest contain certain natural, cultural and social values, such as habitats of rare species of flora and fauna, sites performing protective functions, archaeological or natural monuments, etc. In those places where these values are considered to be of outstanding or critical forests are to be identified as High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF). According to the definition of the Forest stewardship Council HCVF – these are forest areas in which it is necessary to maintain or increase their high conservation value. The HCVF concept was developed and first published in 1999.
To HCVF are forests that meet one if several conditions (based on principles and criteria):
HCV 1 – forest areas with biological values are significant at global, regional or national levels: the presence of endemic or endangered at the global level, species, refuge (refugia);
HCV 2 – globally, regionally or nationally significant large landscape where there are many viable natural population of flora and fauna;
HCV 3 – forest areas, including rare or endangered ecosystems;
HCV 4 – forest areas that provide protective functions (water protection, erosion) forests;
HCV 5 – forest areas required to meet the basic needs of local communities (the only source of fuel or food, etc.);
HCV 6 forest areas, bearing the attributes of cultural value (for local communities traditional forest holidays, the area around the pilgrimage sites or historical monuments).
To treat HCV, both small and large forest areas, which may include different landscapes, located on the territory of several forest users may not be restricted by administrative barriers.
High conservation value forests (hereinafter – HCV) – areas of forest land allocated with the aim of preserving the most valuable components of flora and fauna, ecological functions of forests through the establishment of a special regime of protection.
In areas related to HCVF are forbidden to:
1. The forest operations, except for activities specified in a forest management project on clearing quarterly and other rides, roads, canals, routes of communications, and thinning aimed at preserving the composition of plantations of broad-leaved trees;
2. Tapping trees;
3. The use of fertilizers, pesticides and other plant protection means;
4. Introduction in the composition of plantations of introduced woody plants and plants biomeliorants;
5. The application of silvicultural, harvesting and transport vehicles off the roads,
Forestry provides the organization to promote knowledge about HCV and respect for him among the workers of the forestry and the local population.